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Published On: Wed, Sep 13th, 2017

Voter Behaviour in Somaliland

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This study was conducted by the Academy for Peace and Development (APD) as part of the Interpeace Somali Programme, which complemented ongoing democratization work with the Somaliland National Electoral Commission (NEC). The study was also conducted at an important time when the voter registration operations had been completed across all of Somaliland and the results publicly released by NEC on 28 March 2017.

The study provided an opportunity for APD to explore and enhance the understanding and analysis of certain perceptions and behaviour of voters in Somaliland in regards to the voter registration, upcoming elections and political parties. The main aim of the study was to understand voter behaviour in Somaliland, with a particular focus on the upcoming presidential elections. Specifically, the study objectives were:
1.To measure attitudes towards the National Election Commission (NEC) of Somaliland;
2.To measure attitudes toward the postponement of the parliamentary elections, the possible postponement of the planned presidential elections, and the consequences of this;
3.To explore how informed voters are about the upcoming presidential election and identify their sources of information about the upcoming elections;
4.To understand people’s motivations for voting;
5.To understand why people vote for particular parties and candidates.

In order to achieve its objectives, the study used mixed-methods research design that involved a range of data collection and analysis techniques. The strength of mixed methods research lies in its ability to combine different data collection and analysis techniques to overcome the weaknesses of each and take advantage of the strengths of all. The study combined quantitative and qualitative methods. For the quantitative component, a sample of 3,289 respondents were selected using multi-layered random sampling and a questionnaire was administrated. For the qualitative component, focus group discussions were conducted, one in each of the six regions. The quantitative data from the survey research was used to capture general information regarding voter behaviour in Somaliland while qualitative data, obtained through focus group discussions, were used to explore aspects of voter behaviour.
Read the publication here 

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