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Published On: Thu, Mar 23rd, 2017

Water is the limiting factor for the development of most economic activities of Somaliland.

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drinking water is essential to humans and other life forms even though it provides no calories or organic nutrients. Access to safe drinking water has improved over the last decades in almost every part of the world, but approximately one billion people still lack access to safe water and over 2.5 billion lack access to adequate sanitation. However, some observers have estimated that by 2025 more than half of the world population will be facing water-based vulnerability.

As Somaliland what are the roles regarding water scarcity. And what are the Somaliland policy to expand the water availability in region.

The development of a water policy is a critical first step in the management of the development and utilization of freshwater resources and provides the basis for future legislation of these resources, specifically, the appropriate development and management of freshwater resources will promote the health, self-reliance, good governance, peace and economic development of Somaliland.

In relation to water, as in all areas of development, policies and practices are constantly involving.

This policy is developed in response to the numerous and disparate water development activities and management practices and seeks to establish a formal framework for their co-ordination and management. This seeks to conform with International policies, conventions and guidelines and standards as relate to resources

Water is the limiting factor for the development of most economic activities of Somaliland.

The life pattern of the people resolves largely around the availability or absence of water. Water for human and animal consumption is a major constraint, especially for those who move far away from valleys. Thus the main objective of this policy is – to promote the rehabilitation and construction of new water facilities in order to improve human living conditions through enhanced accessibility, management, and awareness within a context of environmental sustainability.

Lack of a holistic perspective regarding water has lead at a very dispersed and confused system of water management, spread over various Ministries with differing mandates and involving numerous development partners with varying priorities.

Kulmiye Government is responsible for ensuring the quality of the water used for human consumption.

As a nutritionist the deficiency or water scarcity causes many problems include According to Healthy Place, a persistent deficiency of water can cause depression; chronic fatigue syndrome; insulin-dependent diabetes; lupus; multiple sclerosis; muscular dystrophy; amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, otherwise known as Lou Gehrig’s disease; Parkinson’s disease; and Alzheimer’s disease. A deficiency of water is also known as dehydration severe dehydration can lead to heat injury, from cramps to heat stroke; swelling of the brain; seizures; low blood pressure; shock caused by low blood volume; kidney failure; coma;  and finally dead as we seen in last droughts different in Somaliland

My Recommendation

Ø in urban areas, the government will instruct Local Water Agencies under the guidelines of the Ministry of Water and Mineral Resources to institute a regular program of water quality testing.

Ø The Ministry of planning under the technical guidance of the Ministry of Water & Mineral Resources and in collaboration with the Ministries of Agriculture and Livestock will develop and periodically update the national water resources development plan in which the overall priorities of the water sector are articulated.

Ø International Agencies/NGOs when active in the water sector (including both groundwater and surface initiatives) must, after registering with Ministry of National Planning, contact the Ministry of Water & Mineral Resources. It is the responsibility of these International Agencies/NGOs to follow the guidance established in this policy and other internal ministerial policies as related to development in the water sector.

Ø To designate and formalize the co-ordination, allocation and delegation of responsibilities among Ministries and public authorities for the investigation, use, control, protection, management or administrative of water resource;

Ø the authorities must ensure that freshwater resources are developed and managed according to this Policy and subsequent legislation and regulation to be developed.

Ø To promote the provision of a clean, safe and sufficient supply of water for the domestic purposes to all persons by increasing the availability of water for drinking and sanitation uses through the reduction of the time and distance to water sources.

Ø And finally when rain comes to make dams in the valleys


Guled Kayse Ismail





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  1. This is a very informative paper but lacks proof reading and that is why it looks childish to say the least.It also lacks any academic credibility when it comes to the technical aspect of the topic.

  2. Mr. x says:

    Very intresting article, and dont take Mr.Egeh harsh criticism too personal. As he is a somali and his first natrual response is too disapprove a fellow countryman work. However i can hardly call these policies more like mission statements. I am very eager to know what you think of the old policies of the former water minister. And how he did not quite meet the mark. And what policies and agendas should the new minister should be focusing on.

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